Biosphere Reserve Information
Lake Elton Biosphere Reserve is located in the south-eastern part of the East European Plain, within the Caspian lowlands in the Russian Federation. Lake Elton is a hyper saline lake, the largest in Europe, as well as one of the deepest located (-16m below sea level) and one of the most saline lakes in the world. Close to 5,900 people, live in 14 rural settlements and herder posts in the Biosphere Reserve, with seasonal variations almost doubling human presence in the area. The lake is important to nomads and their livestock, the only remaining agricultural activity in the area, and to numerous mammals and birds, including cranes, some of which belong to threatened species.
Last updated: 2019