13&22-Oct: The post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework & Panel discussion on Kunming declaration (5)
Prof. Won Seog PARK: My first impression of reading this declaration is that much of them are highly overlapped with the ongoing discussion for the development of the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework. Familiar words and expressions of peers in this declaration, of course, I am happy to see those familiar formations. The Kunming Declaration is not a legally binding instrument; therefore, the parties of CBD are not bound by every word contained in this document. However, this instrument indicates the strong wills and commitments of the ministers and heads of delegations to realize the full achievements of the 2050 vision of the strategic post-2020 global biodiversity framework. It demonstrates the willingness of the ministers to accept the emergency and more effective as stronger development, implementation, and enforcement of measures to be taken at the national and international levels. However, the subtitle – the building of ecological civilization might confuse a few parties because it is unclear and unfamiliar. I believe some parties are not fully persuasive so far. But I believe the Chinese government will make every effort to add more colors and texture to the coming days, so we can be more persuasive.
Dr. Christian Schwarzer: First I think we need to see the Kunming Declaration in the context. The first segment of COP15 is mainly organized for three major reasons. The first reason was to make progress on the numbers of technology including the extension of budget for the secretariat which is very important for operations. The second reason was to handover the co-presidency from Egypt to China to give China more important roles in coming months to allow them to shift the processes coming on. And the third one was to build momentum to ensure that the multiple issues on the global agenda at this moment by diversity contains top priority and Kunming Declaration has to be seen as an instrument to generate this political momentum but also public awareness that is necessary. We look at the media outputs, we have articles in the New York Times and CNN, many media have reported about the meetings in Kunming, and that image itself, in the current global climate change situation and something really important. And it’s also in a quite strategic position that a couple of weeks before COP26. So very prominently linkage between biodiversity and climate change. When we look at the declaration itself, I think it is a positive sign that the ministries could agree on the language and the context is very typical and very much in line with previous declarations like the Cancun Declaration for instance. Personally, I found it was unsurprised in terms of the contents. It mirrored what we agreed before, it is not a step backward which I think it is very positive. But we could expect from a declaration like this. It is not going to be anything specific and any technical color key. It is a political declaration. So, from that perspective what I am missing are concrete targets, concrete guidelines, and anything that we can hope leaders accountable. In terms of wordings and what we were finding there, I think is all very positive. But the next challenge would be to build upon the substance we have in this declaration and really use it as a tool to build political will to come up with a strong post-2020 global biodiversity framework that has teased the targets to achieve all concrete grounds. I am happy there is a recognition of the important roles that can be played by women, girls, youth, and indigenous people. It’s a good integration and an important reference to the protected areas.
Dr. Mirna Ines Fernández: Kunming Declaration has to be taken as a step towards post-2020. This mainline from civil society towards a more ambitious post-2020 biodiversity framework. But if we don’t build this language, there is no further construction around this commitment by the head of delegations and ministers of the environment. The declaration is going to be forgotten, as there are many high-level declarations. The end of the declaration would be the commitment, if we don’t build on this commitment, they are going to disappear. The interesting thing is there are many languages that can be used in this declarationWhen we are on the next stage, post-2020, we have to remember that we are ready to commit to something. When they commit to a bigger and stronger post-2020 biodiversity fr