Biosphere Reserve Information

Russian Federation

Commander Islands

2002

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This biosphere reserve is situated in the Bering Sea east of the Kamchatka Peninsula and covers mountain tundra, motley-grass meadows, wetlands, coastal and marine zones. The flora and fauna of Commander Islands are remarkable because of the unusual combination of species of Asian and American origin. Its coastal ecosystems are unique because of their diversity of marine mammals and birds. The Commander Islands were discovered by the expedition of the famous navigator Vitus Bering due to tragic circumstances since his ship broke on the reefs here.


The main objective of the biosphere reserve is the improvement of socio-economic conditions of the local people while keeping and developing traditional and ecologically sound forms of natural resource use, such as small-scale coastal trading, fishing, agriculture, crafts and recreation. Human impacts in the area derive from the introduction of northern reindeer and red vole, amateur hunting, the collection of berries and mushrooms, off road vehicles and tourism. Within the UNDP/GEF long-term project “Conservation and Sustainable-use of Coastal Biodiversity in Russia’s Commander (Komandorsky) Islands”, a management plan for the biosphere reserve will be created. The 800 inhabitants of the biosphere reserve (2001) will be involved in development of the plan and the management of the area.

Administrative Authorities

Directorate of the State Nature Reserve "Komandorskiy" -Commander Islands Biosphere Reserve, reporting to the Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation

Contact

Contact Address

Telephone

Directorate of the State Nature Reserve "Komandorskiy" -Commander Islands Biosphere Reserve, reporting to the Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation

(7.415.22) 55418

Fax

(7.415) 47 554182

E-mail

Website

Location

Latitude

55°05'00''N - 54°01'00''N

Longitude

165°05'00''E - 168°06'00''E

Area (hectares)

Surface Area

3,648,679

Core Area

1,290,671

Buffer Area

2,177,408

Transition Area

180,600

Map

Last updated: 2007

Designated year: