Biosphere Reserve Information

China

Shennongjia

1992

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The Shennongjia Biosphere Reserve belongs to the east branch of the Dabashan Mountains which connect the Tibetan Plateau in West China with the Yangze plain in East China. The area covers high elevation differences from the lowest valley (420 meters) to the highest peak (3,106 meters above sea level) and therefore offers a wide spectrum of vegetation zones. Agricultural areas concentrate on the mountain feet (up to 1,600 meters above sea level) whereas tea plantations can extend up to 2,100 meters above sea level. Before the establishment of the biosphere reserve in 1982, wood logging destroyed some primary forests in the region. Today, forests are protected and, with 2,762 species of vascular plants and the occurrence of a golden monkey (Rhinopithecus roxellana) population, the biosphere reserve is considered to be a ‘Green Gene Pool’ of China.


There are 8,370 permanent residents in the transition area (2001). Increasing tourism in the biosphere reserve decreases the demand of local people to rely only on natural resources, such as wood, farmland and animals. A working group for community management has been established to alleviate still existing conflicts of resource use and protection.

Administrative Authorities

Hubei Shennongjia Administration of the State Nature Reserve

Contact

Contact Address

Telephone

Shennongjia Natural Reserve Administration, 11 Muyu Town, Shennongjia Forest District, 442421 Hubei Province, China

(+86) 719 3452303

Fax

(+86) 719 3452335

E-mail

Website

Location

Latitude

31°21'00''N - 31°36'00'N

Longitude

110°03'00''E - 110°34'00''E

Area (hectares)

Surface Area

70,467

Core Area

34,845

Buffer Area

11,202

Transition Area

24,420

Map

Last updated: 2007

Designated year: